An Ideal City?

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46 Shortlisted Entries

1 4 7 8 9 10 14
15 16 17 18 20 23 25
27 29 31 34 35 36 37
40 41 42 43 44 47 48
51 52 53 54 57 58 59
60 61 62 63 64 69 70
71 74 76 81     

The Griffins Win

Almost Winners

E Schaufelberg
VO Rees (1886–1966) and
WH Gummer (1884–1966)

Entry 35
London, England

E Schaufelberg may have worked with Rees in Edwin Lutyens’ office, although this is not certain. He may have been the Ernest Schaufelberg whose work on the remodelling of London’s Adelphi Theatre was praised in the December 1930 edition of The Architect & Building News.

Verner Rees studied architecture at the Royal Academy School of Architecture in London and at the Architectural Association Design Club. He won the Architectural Association Travelling Studentship in 1910 and the Royal Academy Silver Medal the following year. Rees began work with Edward Lutyens’ firm in 1911, then moved to New York to gain additional experience. He taught from 1921 to 1925 at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. In 1929 he returned as Vice-Principal until 1933. President of the Architectural Association (1938–39), Rees was active in the Royal Institute of British Architects as a Fellow and member of Council. He entered and won many architectural competitions between the wars.

William Gummer was a New Zealander. He was articled in Auckland and, by 1910, he was an associate of the RIBA. From 1908 to 1913 he lived in Europe, England and the United States, working briefly in 1912 in Daniel Burnham’s office. He studied from 1909 to 1912 at the Royal Academy School of Architecture in London, and worked in the offices of Leonard Stokes and Edwin Lutyens. Returning to New Zealand in 1913, he joined the firm of Hoggard and Price. Then in 1923 he formed a partnership with Charles Ford. Their practice was large, and distinguished by prestigious commissions and gold-medal awards. Gummer was president of the New Zealand Institute of Architects (1933–34).

In this plan, the Molonglo river is rerouted, and has a horseshoe street configuration on its north bank. A central axis connects the south and north of the city. A distinctive and unusual feature of this plan is that several wedges of parks thrust into the city from the open land at its outskirts. In this respect it follows one of the prize-winning plans in the Berlin town planning competition of 1910.